CrPC Section 10: Subordination of Assistant Sessions Judges 

  1. All Assistant Sessions Judges shall be subordinate to the Sessions Judge in whose Court they exercise jurisdiction.
  2. The Sessions Judges may, from time to time, make rules consistent with this Code, as to the distribution of business among such Assistant Sessions Judges.
  3. The Sessions Judge may also make provision for the disposal of any urgent application, in the event of his absence or inability to act, by an Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge, or, if there be no Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge, by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, and every such Judge or Magistrate shall be deemed to have jurisdiction to deal with any such application.

Simplified Explanation:

Section 10 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), 1973, details the appointment of the Subordinate Magistrates by the High Court and their classification. Here’s a breakdown of its key aspects:

  1. Appointment of Subordinate Magistrates: This section empowers the High Court to appoint qualified persons to be Magistrates of the first class, second class, or third class in any district outside the metropolitan areas falling within its jurisdiction. The appointments are made in consultation with the State Government, ensuring that the appointed magistrates meet the legal and procedural requirements to administer justice.
  2. Chief Judicial Magistrate (CJM): Every district has a designated Chief Judicial Magistrate (CJM) appointed by the High Court. The CJM has the highest authority among the Judicial Magistrates in the district and is responsible for overseeing and coordinating their functions.
  3. Powers to Try Cases: The section allows the Chief Judicial Magistrate to try any case that is triable by a Magistrate of the first class. This underscores the legal authority vested in the CJM in the district’s judicial hierarchy.
  4. Special Magistrates: The High Court is also authorized to appoint Special Magistrates for particular cases or perform specific functions. These Special Magistrates can be appointed from persons who possess the requisite qualifications or have the necessary legal experience, even outside the regular judicial service.
  5. Subordination of Magistrates: The section clarifies the hierarchy among the magistrates in non-metropolitan areas, with all Magistrates of the first, second, or third class being subordinate to the Chief Judicial Magistrate. This subordination is critical for maintaining the orderly administration of justice and ensuring a transparent chain of command and accountability within the district’s judiciary.
  6. Local Jurisdiction: The High Court has the discretion to define the local limits of the jurisdiction of any Magistrate appointed under this section. This ensures that the judicial administration is effectively tailored to the geographical and demographic specifics of the district.

Section 10 outlines the framework for the appointment and functioning of Judicial Magistrates in districts, detailing their hierarchy, powers, and the role of the Chief Judicial Magistrate. This structure is fundamental to the criminal justice system’s operation, providing a systematic approach to handling criminal matters at the district level outside metropolitan areas.

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